Authors. Alasdair MacIntyre. University of Notre Dame. Follow. Abstract. This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for , given by Alasdair Maclntyre, a Scottish. the nature of a more sophisticated patriotism comes from Scottish philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre, in an essay titled “Is Patriotism a Virtue?”. Patriotism raises questions of the sort philosophers characteristically discuss: How is patriotism to be defined? How is it related to similar.
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Some go further, and argue that patriotism is morally mandatory, or even that it is the core of morality.
Patriotism and Human Rights: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalismivrtue. Become a PEL Citizen! Patriotism in Social and Political Philosophy categorize this paper. Yale University Press, Such patriotism is compatible with a decent degree of humanitarianism.
Routledge, in Association with the Open University. Only the last group — surely a tiny minority — would be a proper object of our gratitude.
Yet Keller may be overstating his case as one against patriotism as such. One worry here is that considerations of gratitude normally arise in interpersonal relations.
Bernard Yack – – Critical Review 12 Some of these objections can easily be countered. So we must be careful to distinguish patriotism as a virtue not only from nationalism, but from other senses in which it could also be interpreted.
Adherents of both extreme and robust patriotism will consider themselves bound to fight for their country whether its cause be just or not.
If she came across two strangers in a life-threatening situation and could only save one, would she have a prima facie moral duty to save the one who was a compatriot?
Alasdair MacIntyre, Is patriotism a virtue? – PhilPapers
As Richard Dagger puts it:. Instead, he would seek to make sure that the country lives up to moral requirements and promotes moral values, both at home and internationally. This account of patriotism is exposed to several objections. Gratitude is probably the most popular among the grounds adduced for patriotic duty. Understanding what is owed to and by me and understanding the history of the communities of which I am a part is … one and the same thing.
Tan, Kok-Chor,Justice without Borders: We are not transcendent.
Just as an acorn will tend to develop toward an end that actualizes its full potential Oak treehuman beings strive to function well in a way that is appropriate to human being. The national anthem and the fourth of July are basically kabuki bomb theater, which tends to construe war as noble and even beautiful.
Their cooperation enables us to enjoy the benefits of the enterprise, and fairness demands that we reciprocate. Compatriots take priority because we owe it to them as a matter of reciprocity.
Patriotism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
His complicity is lesser and the blame to be laid at his door is lesser too — but he still bears some moral responsibility and deserves some moral blame on that account. Pauline Kleingeld – – Kant-Studien 94 3: Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Both Socrates and Viroli are exaggerating the benefits bestowed on us by our country; surely any gratitude owed for being born or brought up is owed to parents, rather than patria.
In the 19 th century, Russian novelist and thinker Leo Tolstoy found patriotism both stupid and immoral. After all they are not only your values, but lurk as unrealized potential in all mankind.
A parallel discussion in political philosophy concerns the kind of patriotism that might provide an alternative to nationalism as the ethos of a stable, well-functioning polity. In a later statement of his argument80—81Keller seems to be of two minds on this point.
Nationalism is patriotis, power: Moreover, of the few well known philosophers cited, only one, J.
MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
Patriotism, on this view, is essential for living a morally good life. While nationalism is accordingly aggressive, patriotism is defensive: Such duties are not means of creating or maintaining those relationships, but rather their part and parcel, and can only be understood, and justified, as such, just as those relationships can only be understood as involving the special duties pertaining to them while involving much else besides. Igor Primorac – – Croatian Journal of Vvirtue 4 1: When it fails to do so, she will macihtyre support.
Exploring this middle ground has led some philosophers to construct positions accommodating both the universal and the particular point of view — both the mandates of universal justice and claims of common humanity, and the concern for the patria and compatriots. For Aristotle, what is good for human beings are certain end-states virte which we naturally tend.
Since the rise of the nation-state, it has been widely held that some form of nationalism is indispensable as a pre-political basis of the unity of the state that makes for solidarity among citizens and provides them with motivation to participate in public life and make sacrifices for the common good.