The reform of the “Ley de vagos y maleantes” (“Vagrancy Act”) declared homosexuality illegal, equating it with procuring. The text of the law declares. This is a list of notable events in the history of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) The reform of the “Ley de vagos y maleantes” ( “Vagrancy Act”) declared homosexuality illegal, equating it with procuring. The text of the. The present Ley sobre Vagos y Maleantes, Law of Vagrants and Crooks, which dates from , permits the administrative detention for up to.
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The majority of these people are subsequently released after a few hours, but many are held under the Law of Vagrants and Crooks and kept for many days in cells in police stations and in prisons.
Retrieved November 15, These people g referred to as “prisoners of conscience” POCs and Amnesty International works towards their immediate and unconditional release. This law is not intended to punish, but to correct and reform”. This movement, along with growth of the gay rights movement in the rest of Europe and the Western world was a large factor in making Spain today one of Europe’s most socially tolerant people.
Refworld | The Law of Vagrants and Crooks: Suppressing Dissent and Punishing the Poor
For a number of years, Amnesty International has been concerned about the use of the Ley sobre Vagos y MaleantesLaw of Vagrants and Crooks, to detain large numbers of the poorer sectors of the population and, in some cases, journalists, peasant activists and critics of the government.
As previously stated, the application of this law affects primarily the poor who usually cannot afford independent legal counsel. The prison authorities had previously denied that inmates were subjected to any form of torture or ill-treatment. Retrieved 11 February Toda persona acusada de un delito tiene derecho a que se presuma su inocencia mientras no se pruebe su culpabilidad conforme a la ley.
No one shall be deprived of his liberty except on such grounds and in accordance with such procedure as are established by law. Amnesty International has discussed its serious concerns about the Law of Vagrants and Crooks with a wide range of national authorities, legal experts and institutions working among the poor in Venezuela.
Moreover, the organization has not received a reply from the Venezuelan authorities regarding this case. However, in the s clandestine gay scenes began to emerge in Barcelonaan especially tolerant city under Franco’s regime, and in the countercultural centers of Ibiza and Sitges a town in the province of Barcelona, Cataloniathat remains a highly popular gay tourist destination. If the sentence is longer than six months, it must go before the Justice Minister, who then has 15 days to change or confirm it.
He was reportedly beaten and kicked by the police.
LGBT history in Spain
The detainee is accused and sentenced by the same authority and the defendant has no access to an independent or impartial tribunal. This law is not intended to punish, but to correct and reform”. Criminal procedure shall be public, except in so far as may be necessary to protect the interests of justice. Everyone has the right to liberty and security of person. Anyone arrested or detained on a criminal charge shall be brought promptly before a judge or other officer authorized by law to exercise judicial power and shall be entitled to trial within a reasonable time or to release.
Retrieved November 15, Attitudes in greater Spain began to change with the return to democracy after Franco’s death through a cultural movement known as La movida.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest or detention. Inmates told Amnesty International that corporal punishment was routinely applied against them. A confession of guilt by the accused shall be valid only if it is made without coercion of any kind.
The Amnesty International delegation argued that this could lead to arbitrary and discriminatory interpretations of the law, including the detention of people holding peaceful demonstrations article vags Amnesty International believes this law continues to be used to suppress political and popular dissent, in breach of Art.
During the proceedings, every person is entitled, with full equality, to the following minimum guarantees:.
Some authorities and other individuals maintain that it is difficult to relinquish the use of the law of Vagrants and Crooks as a method of crime prevention.
A los efectos de esta Ley se entienden como tales aquellos que habitualmente vagan por el campo viviendo de lo que hurten o se apropien. LGBT history in Spain. However, in the s clandestine gay scenes began to emerge in Spain. If applied repeatedly on the basis of the same police record, there is nothing in law that can stop a virtual life sentence on the individual.
Everyone charged with a criminal offence shall have the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law. Ratified by Venezuela in 10 May Views Read Edit View history. The procedure applicable to the detainees shows little improvement from that used in the Law of Vagrants and Crooks. He was detained for his peaceful activities on behalf of peasants involved in a land dispute and was subsequently sentenced to a year’s administrative detention under the Law of Vagrants and Crooks.
No one shall be deprived of his physical liberty except for the reasons and under the conditions established beforehand by the constitution of the State Party concerned or a law established pursuant thereto.
In another example, Article 2 b specifies the contravening behaviours as those “acts which threaten the morals or the respectable customs [of society]” ” Ricardo Donis was stabbed by inmates at the Casa Amarilla that same day and died of his knife wounds.
In theory, it should se house inmates under the Law of Vagrants and Crooks, although in practice, prisoners from CAR El Dorado are transferred to the Casa Amarilla as a means of punishment. Everyone convicted of a crime shall have the right to his conviction and sentence being reviewed by a higher tribunal according to law. This principle shall not limit the orders of a competent judicial authority issued for non-fulfilment of duties of support. Memorandum to the GovernmentAI Index: