Biographies of the 4 Rightly guided Khalifahs. 1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As- Siddeeq. 2. Sayyiduna ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab 3. Sayyiduna Uthman Ibn Affan 4. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah. Fantastic Four – Remembering The Khulafa e Rashideen. 07 October , By: Sayed Ridhwaan Mohamed CTIEC – Cape Town Islamic Educational.
|Published (Last):||10 October 2012|
|PDF File Size:||5.67 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||1.27 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The principal officers were required to come to Mecca on the occasion of the Hajjduring which people were free to present any complaint against them. He also constructed a dam near Medina raahideen protect its fountains from flooding. This argument is advanced by Sunni Muslims that Muhammad’s companion Abu Bakr was elected by the community, and this was the proper procedure.
The canal was constructed within a year by ‘Amr ibn al-‘Asand Abdus Salam Nadiv writes that “Arabia was rid of famine for all the times to come. On the other hand, Caliph Umar in the latter part of his Caliphate used to direct his generals as to where to stay and when to move to the next target and who was to command the left and right wing of the army in each particular battle.
The Rashidun army was divided into the two basic categories, infantry and light cavalry. Military cantonments were constructed at strategic points.
Halverson 27 Apr In response to these worries, Muhammad said: Reconstructing the military equipment of early Muslim armies is problematic. After the conquest of Iraq, Khalid left Mesopotamia to lead another campaign in Syria against the Byzantine Empire, after which Mithna ibn Haris took command in Mesopotamia.
This page was last edited on 10 Decemberat He became caliph at the age of During his reign, Abu Bakr established the Bayt al-Mal state treasury. During a famine, Umar ibn al-Khattab ordered the construction of a canal in Egypt connecting the Nile with the sea.
They were also provided ‘protection’ by the Islamic empire and were not expected to fight; rather the Muslims were entrusted to defend them. Al Qasimi Ras al Khaymah.
What is difference between Khulfa-e-rashideen and Sahaba? – Islam Stack Exchange
As the Muslims were not able to overpower Makuria, they negotiated a peace with their king Qaladurut. You have always been a protector, a sanctuary, and source of honor for this religion. In important cities Guest Houses were constructed to serve as rest houses for traders and merchants coming from far away places. Umar did not agree with this view. The five times larger Byzantine army was defeated in October CE.
Shahada Salah Sawm Zakat Hajj. The tax was not supposed to be levied on slaves, women, children, monks, the old, the sick,  hermits and the poor. Others sided with the Byzantines, hoping that they would provide a defense against the Arab invaders. According to Sunni Muslims, the term Rashidun Caliphate is derived from a famous  hadith of Muhammad, where he foretold that the caliphate after him would last for 30 years  the length of the Rashidun Caliphate and would then be followed by kingship.
On behalf of the Messenger of Allah and Islam, may Allah reward you with the best of rewards.
Each rashidefn agreed to afford free passage to the other party through its territories. Asking this question as I am not good at urdu, and I hear many times these words and sometimes get confused as to these are the same people or not? At that time, kharaj was synonymous with jizyahwhich later emerged as a poll tax paid by dhimmis.
The First Ten Steps illustrated ed. Bait-ul-Maal literally, The house of rqshideen was the department that dealt with the revenues and all other economic matters of the state. This article has an unclear citation style. The committee produced the list clan-wise. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah:.
The siege of Jerusalem lasted four months after which the city agreed to surrender, but only to Caliph Umar Ibn Al Khattab in person.