: Mitologia Griega: Jason y El Vellocino de Oro (Historietas Juveniles. Mitologias) (English and Spanish Edition) () by Glenn . Mitologia Griega: Jason y El Vellocino de Oro: Glenn Herdling: : Books. Mitologia griega/ Greek Mythology: Jason Y el vellocino de oro/ Jason and the Golden Fleece (Historietas Juveniles: Mitologias/ Jr. Graphic Mythologies).
|Published (Last):||12 November 2005|
|PDF File Size:||2.14 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||5.22 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Golden Fleece – Wikipedia
In Greek mythologythe Golden Fleece Greek: It figures in the tale of the hero Jason and his crew of Twho set out on a quest vellodino the fleece by order of King Peliasin order to place Jason rightfully on the throne of Iolcus in Thessaly. Through the help of Medeathey acquire the Golden Fleece. The story is of great antiquity and was current in the time of Homer eighth century BCE.
It survives in various forms, among which the details vary. Athamas the Minyana founder of Halos in Thessaly  but also king of the city of Orchomenus in Boeotia a region of southeastern Greecetook the goddess Nephele as his first wife. They had two children, the boy Phrixus whose name means “curly”—as in ram’s fleece and the girl Helle.
Later Athamas became enamored of and married Inothe daughter of Cadmus. When Nephele left in anger, drought came upon the land.
Ino was jealous of her stepchildren and plotted their deaths: Nephele, or her spirit, appeared to the children with a winged ram whose fleece was of gold. According to Vellcino Poseidon carried Theophane to an island where he made her into a ewe, so that he could have his way with her among the flocks. There Theophane’s other suitors could not distinguish the ram-god and his consort.
Nepheles’ children escaped on the yellow ram over the sea, but Helle fell off and drowned in the strait now named after her, the Hellespont. The ram spoke to Phrixus, encouraging him, [d] and took the boy safely to Colchis modern-day Georgiaon the easternmost shore of the Euxine Black Sea. There Phrixus sacrificed the winged ram vdllocino Poseidon, essentially returning him to the god.
Phrixus settled in the house of Aeetesson of Helios the sun god. He hung the Golden Fleece preserved from the sacrifice of the ram on an oak in a grove sacred to Aresthe god of war and one of the Twelve Olympians.
The golden fleece was defended by bulls with hoofs of brass and breath of fire. It was also guarded by a never sleeping dragon with teeth which could become soldiers when planted in the ground. The dragon was at the foot of the tree on which the fleece was placed.
When Aeetes challenges Jason to yoke the fire-breathing bulls, the fleece is the prize: Let him do this, I say, and have for his own the immortal coverlet, the fleece, glowing with velllocino skeins of gold”.
In later versions of the story, the ram is said to have been the offspring of the sea god Poseidon and Themisto less often, Nephele or Theophane.
The classic telling is the Argonautica of Apollonius of Rhodescomposed in mid-third century BCE Alexandriarecasting early sources that have not survived. Another, much less-known Argonautica, using the same body of myth, was composed in Latin by Valerius Flaccus during the time of Vespasian.
Where the written sources fail, through accidents of history, sometimes the continuity of a mythic tradition can be found among the vase-painters.
The story of the Golden Fleece appeared to have little resonance for Athenians of the Classic age, for only two representations of it on Attic-painted wares of the fifth century have been identified: Jason’s helper in the Athenian vase-paintings is not Medea — who had a history in Athens as the opponent of Theseus — but Athena. The very early origin of the myth in preliterate times means that during the more than a millennium when it was to some degree part of the fabric of culture, its perceived significance likely passed through numerous developments.
Several euhemeristic attempts to interpret the Golden Fleece “realistically” as reflecting some physical cultural object or alleged historical practice have been made. For example, in the 20th century, some scholars suggested that the story of the Golden Fleece signified the bringing of sheep husbandry to Greece from the east; [h] in other readings, scholars theorized it referred to golden grain, [i] or to the sun.
A more widespread interpretation relates the myth of the fleece to a method of washing gold from streams, which was well attested but only from c. Sheep fleeces, sometimes stretched over a wood frame, would be submerged in the stream, and gold flecks borne down from upstream placer deposits would collect in them. The fleeces would be hung in trees to dry before the gold was shaken or combed out.
Alternatively, the fleeces would be used on washing tables in alluvial mining of gold or on washing tables at deep gold mines. Strabo describes the way in which gold could be washed:. Another interpretation is based on the references in some versions to purple or purple-dyed cloth. The purple dye extracted from the purple dye murex snail and related species was highly prized in ancient times. Clothing made of cloth dyed with Tyrian purple was a mark of great wealth and high station hence the phrase “royal purple”.
The association of gold with purple is natural and occurs frequently in literature. Jason attempts to put the serpent guarding the golden fleece to sleep. The snake is coiled around a column at the base of which is a ram and on top of which is a bird. The following are the chief among the various interpretations of the fleece, with notes on sources and major critical discussions:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Golden Fleece disambiguation. As you looked on this pair, you would be struck dumb with amazement and deceived, for you would expect to hear some wise utterance from them, with this hope you would gaze long upon them. American Journal of Archaeology. Lives of the Necromancers. Date and year link CS1 maint: Observations on Early Fifth Century B. Pictures of the Golden Fleece”.
Preglad Orientalistyczuy in Russian. A Companion to Apollonius Rhodius. Retrieved 26 May Oxford Journal of Archaeology. Archived from the original on 25 November Retrieved 13 October TuckerKingdom of the SeashellNew York: Archived from the original on 24 March Bacon, Janet Ruth The Voyage of the Argonauts. Pinna and her Silken Beard: Charles Babbage Research Centre.
Jason and the Argonauts. Giasone La toison d’or Ancient Greek religion and mythology. Dragons in Greek mythology Greek mythological creatures Greek mythological figures List of minor Greek mythological figures. Aphrodite Aphroditus Philotes Peitho. Empusa Epiales Hypnos Pasithea Oneiroi. Angelia Arke Hermes Iris. Apate Dolos Hermes Momus. Circe Hecate Hermes Trismegistus Triple deity. Acherusia Avernus Lake Lerna Lake.
Charonium at Aornum Charonium at Acharaca. Bident Cap of invisibility. Ascalaphus Ceuthonymus Eurynomos Hade’s cattle. Agon Panathenaic Games Rhieia. Greek mythology in popular culture. Retrieved from ” https: Mythological objects Thessalian mythology Colchis in mythology Mythology of Argonautica. Date and year CS1 maint: Views Read Edit View history.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons.