In cases of acute intoxication with propane butane (due to damage in heating appliances where propane-butane is used as energy source for heating), asphyxia. Butane is an organic compound with the formula C4H10 that is an alkane with four carbon . It enters the blood supply and within seconds produces intoxication. Butane is the most commonly misused volatile substance in the UK, and was the. Butane is a commonly misused volatile agent, and a cause of intoxication. We present a case, who had a syncope and persistent ventricular.
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On admission to the hospital, there was no spontaneous respiration; an electrocardiogram showed sinus tachycardia with marked T-wave inversion in the anterolateral leads. Butane is produced from natural gas. No further details were presented on actual exposure nutane. A study of cyclic and noncyclic hydrocarbons on cardiac automaticity; pp.
A narcotic, asphyxiant, or flammable hazard?
Butane intoxication–three case reports.
Surviving mice recovered rapidly, within 5 min after exposure ended Stoughton and Lamson Metabolism and Disposition 4. Each dog was exposed butane at nominal concentrations of 0. It was concluded that 10, ppm min exposure was a boundary for drowsiness. Xu the same reasons as for AEGL-1, steady-state plasma concentrations will be reached within 30 min of exposure.
Butane – Drug and Alcohol Information and Support in Ireland –
Fatal propaneputane poisoning [in German] pp. This page was last edited on 7 Decemberat Concentrations of propane were approximately similar in blood samples taken 15 min before the end of 1- 2- and 8-h exposures to propane at and ppm Stewart et al.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Butane. When blended with propane and other hydrocarbons, it may be referred to commercially as LPGfor liquefied petroleum gas. intoxiaction
Groups of mice sex and strain not specified were exposed to butane at concentrations of , , , orppm; 6 mice were tested at the lowest concentration, and 10 mice at each of the higher concentrations Stoughton and Lamson The chamber concentration was monitored continuously.
We discussed the management of butae case in the intensive care unit and the accompanying difficulties in the light of the current literature. A CT scan showed a very tight swollen brain.
When a loved one has a drink problem What can I do to help? Final report of the safety assessment of isobutane, isopentane, nbutane, and propane; pp.
Rhabdomyolyse aiguë lors d’une intoxication au butane. À propos de deux cas – EM|consulte
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was needed. Severe encephalopathy was observed in a year-old girl as the result of butane abuse. Guinea pigs exposed at 21, ppm showed occasional chewing movements and irregular or rapid breathing, but the effects did not worsen as the exposure duration increased.
Withdrawal symptoms can continue for a number of days when use ceases. If the person gets excited, startled or participates in any sudden physical activity after inhaling butane, the heart can fail to pump blood. Butane is used in the production of ethylene and 1,3-butadiene, in the synthesis of a number of chemicals, as a refrigerant and an aerosol propellant, in the blending of gasoline or motor fuel, as a constituent in liquefied petroleum gas, and as an extraction solvent in deasphalting processes Low et al.
Case studies also reveal that serious brain damage and underdeveloped organs can occur in fetuses in case of high single exposures during the week 27 or 30 of pregnancy. The calculated min value of 77, ppm is supported by the data from Patty and Yant National Academy Press; Intoxcation brain concentrations of butane in dead rats 7.
The data are from a species with a relatively high susceptibility to butane. Forensic medical evaluation of deaths resulting from inhalation of cigarette lighter refill fuel in Turkey.