Imperial policing [Charles William Gwynn] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. William Gwynn’s (–), short book Imperial Policing (London: is harder to find investigations into the command of ‘imperial policing’, where senior offi-. Imperial Policing. Front Cover. Sir Charles William Gwynn. Macmillan and Company, Limited, Bibliographic information. QR code for Imperial Policing.
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Gandhi’s arrest was the signal for fresh hartals and fresh disturbances, and large parts of India were now seething with excitement, while wild rumours intensified the sufficiently serious situation.
Those in close touch with the affair incline to believe that in the prevailing noise and confusion his men for a time were out of hand, and also that he considered there was some danger of attack. There is generally an extremist element anxious for purposes of propaganda to bring about collisions with Government forces, and in some cases the criminal element of the population will take advantage of prevailing excitement to start riots which offer opportunities of loot.
The crowd also broke into the Zenana Hospital and searched for Mrs. They furnish an example of the extension of operations, designed to restore order, into what had many of the characteristics of a small war.
Characteristically, General Dyer, although permitted and pressed to employ legal assistance, refused to take this obviously desirable precaution. Irving arrived and withdrew the picket some hundred yards to get them clear and sent Mr. On the other hand, the power and resolution of the Government gwymn must be displayed.
The former may be gwtnn a scale which amounts to fully organised rebellion, necessitating gwynj in which the Government forces employ all the ordinary methods of warfare. Moreover, the general public, so far as it is interested in the maintenance of law and order in the outlying countries of the Empire, should realise what an important part the Army plays as a reserve of force in support of the civil administration. Hesitation to apply” it on account of political prejudice has often led to a worsening of the situation.
The effect of fire is generally not due to the casualties it causes, but to the fact that it demonstrates the determination of the authorities. On the imperiao hand, the elusive character of the enemy and their capacity for appearing unexpectedly makes it necessary that every commander should retain a reserve to meet unforeseen developments.
There is, unfortunately, an element of prejudice against the employment of military force to maintain order. Consequently two British soldiers dismounted and fired three or four shots, inflicting that number of casualties.
He had given up hopes, which he had formerly held, that he could polucing personal communication restrain Dr. Irving had before this gone away to arrange with Captain Massey for further assistance, and when he left, the original picket appears to have withdrawn under a misunderstanding.
In less serious cases, where armed rebellion is not encountered but disorder is of the nature of imprial, communal or anti-Government, which have passed out of civil control, there is the same necessity for firmness but an even greater necessity for estimating correctly the degree of force required. Refresh and try again.
It did not come out in his evidence, but it has since been stated on good authority that General Dyer was horrified when he discovered subsequently that the crowd were practically unable to disperse when he opened fire.
It is sometimes advocated that troops called out in aid of the civil power should be specially armed with non-lethal weapons, such as batons. The actual penalties inflicted on him were no more severe than those to which an officer convicted of lack of judgment in.
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FEW incidents connected with the employment of troops to restore order have given rise to so much bitter controversy or have left such a lasting impression as General Dyer’s action at Amritsar. Automatic pistols, or grenades, used by a small number of extremists in a crowd may greatly increase the difficulties of the situation.
At Hall Bridge the crowd encountered the small mounted picket posted there, 4 British mounted men and 3 Indian Sowars under a British N. I should like to take this opportunity of expressing my thanks to those officers on whose experiences I have drawn, and to those who have been good enough to read and criticise what I have written.
It is a question of adapting ordinary military training to the circumstances. Artillery fire for obvious reasons practically never comes into the picture, but it is well to remember that cavalry may still be used with great moral effect. The military view is, that once essential measures of security have been taken, further protection and the prevention of disorder is best provided by taking positive measures against the hostile elements. The Bagh was in no sense a public garden as its name might imply, but was simply a piece of waste ground, the greater part of whose surface lay some four feet below the normal ground level-possibly it was the remains of an old tank.
Defenceless loyalists are apt to become the chief sufferers, and the powerlessness of the Government to give protection has a bad effect. Armoured cars, with their speed, silence and protection, givencan be put to many uses, and when infantry are moving by motor transport they become almost an essential addition.
On the other hand, superior authority seldom approves physical chastisement or destruction of property, except in the course of quelling actual resistance. A few friends of the prisoners who had accompanied. But the civil control which has been established still rests on insecure foundations; the edifice in some cases is liable to collapse and to require rebuilding.
When the temper of the rioters is very violent or the detachment of troops small, the risk of these becoming engaged in actual bayonet-fighting must, however, not be taken. Other advantages of martial law are that actions not normally offences can be made criminal, or the scale of punishment for crimes can be raised.
The weapons the enemy employs in modern conditions also requires some consideration. Linked Data More info about Linked Data. General Dyer’s action dominates the whole of the Amritsar incident, but the events which led up to it are of interest in illustrating the task of troops quite apart from their bearing on his decision.
Not infrequently these reversals take the form of a lightening of repressive measures in the hope of inducing submission. The E-mail Address es you entered is are not in a valid format. Consequently the number of casualties was greatly increased and it is believed is a fairly accurate estimate of the killed.
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This book is not yet featured on Listopia. And this principle is just what the U. It was, and perhaps still is, widely. The passing of the Rowlatt Acts, which were considered to confer power on the executive uncontrolled by the judiciary, and therefore to be a check to constitutional reform, gave agitators an opportunity of exciting opposition to the Government.
A proclamation was accordingly drawn up announcing that violence would be punished by martial law and prohibiting all meetings and gatherings. In consequence of Mr.
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