Peter Abelard’s autobiography, the Historia calamitatum, is one of the best-known medieval texts, especially because of the story of his love for Heloise which it. The “Historia Calamitatum” was written while Abélard was still abbot of the monastery of St. Gildas, in Brittany. The terrors of his existence there are fully dwelt on. The Historia Calamitatum, although in the literary form of a letter, is a sort of autobiography, with distinct echoes of Augustine’s Confessions. It is one of the most.
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Methinks the altars and temples of certain ones among these saints are not held to be idolatrous even though they are used for special sacrifices and prayers to their patrons. Or to calamiitatum Person can a church be more rightly said to belong than to Him to Whom all the blessings which the church administers are particularly ascribed?
My teacher himself had some foreknowledge of this, and tried to remove my school as far as possible from his own. They bade me care diligently for the talent which God had committed to my keeping Matthew, xxv.
Historia Calamitatum – | Rise Against
Bernard, to whom, as a matter of fact, he had once written, “You perform all the difficult religious duties; you fast, you watch, you suffer; but you will not endure the easy ones-you do not love. If, however, you care to consider logical explanations, I am prepared to demonstrate that, according to Augustine’s statement, you have yourself fallen into a heresy in believing that a father can possibly be his own son.
It was the time of the Crusades, of the founding and development of schools and universities, of the invention or recovery of great arts, of the growth of music, poetry and romance.
Our speech was more of love than of the books which lay open before us; our kisses far outnumbered our reasoned words. He pointed out that this might easily bring them into evil repute, and certainly could do them no good, seeing that their way of living was utterly incompatible with mine. And there concealed, with but one comrade, a certain cleric, I was able to sing over and over again to the Lord: And when, in so short a time, my master saw me directing the study of dialectics there, it is not easy to find words to tell with what envy he was consumed or with what pain he was tormented.
At the very outset of my work there, I set about completing the glosses on Ezekiel which I had begun at Laon. Jerome in his letter to Asella regarding those women whom he was falsely accused of loving when he said Epist.
Consider the words of the blessed Nicodemus, who, desiring to free Our Lord Himself, said: What steps to take caoamitatum me, or what snares to set for me, he did not know. Nevertheless, the garb he had donned by reason of his conversion did nought to keep him away either from the city of Paris or from his wonted study of philosophy; and in the very monastery wherein he had shut himself up for the sake of religion he straightway set to teaching again after the same fashion as before.
To this place such a throng of students flocked that the neighbourhood could not afford shelter for them, nor the earth sufficient sustenance. This dialectical method of intellectual reflection — also seen in Gratian’s approach to canon law — was to become an important feature of western education and distinguishes it sharply from other world cultures such as Islam and the Confucian world.
I considered and lamented the uselessness calmitatum the wretchedness of my existence, how fruitless my life now was, both to myself and to others; how of old I had been of some service historoa the clerics whom I had now abandoned for the sake of histiria monks, so that I was no longer able to be of use to either; how hisroria I had proved myself in everything I had undertaken or attempted, so that above all others I deserved the reproach, “This man began to build, and was not able to finish” Luke xiv.
Yet more, I had a father who had won some smattering of letters before he had girded on the soldier’s belt. They took delight in harassing me on this matter, and they stole and carried off whatsoever they could lay their hands on, to the end that my failure to maintain order might make me either give up trying to enforce discipline or else abandon my post altogether.
Following the return of our master to the city, the combats in disputation which my scholars waged both with him himself and with his pupils, and the successes which fortune gave to us, and above all to me, in these wars, you have long since learned of through your own experience.
And so it chanced with us as, in the stories that the poets tell, it once happened with Mars and Venus when they were caught together. When the public and the clergy had thus learned something of the real character of my teaching, they began to say to one another: My pretext for this was that the care of my own household was a serious handicap to my studies, and likewise burdened me with an expense far greater than I could afford.
Historia Calamitatum by Peter Abelard
And so, as Quintilian says, did envy seek me out even in my hiding place. Consider the words of the blessed Nicodemus, who, desiring to free Our Lord Himself, said: And it was God’s will that I quickly found what I sought. Augustine, in his book on the duty of monks, proves that women followed our Lord Jesus Christ and the apostles as inseparable companions, even accompanying them when they preached Chap. As a result, my rivals became furiously angry, and summoned a council to take action against me, hisstoria chief instigators therein being my two intriguing enemies of former days, Alberic and Lotulphe.
Those way took who sought to belittle me in every possible advantage of my absence to bring two principal charges against me: No sooner had scholars learned of my retreat than they began to flock thither from all sides, leaving their towns and castles to dwell in the wilderness.
And lest I should allege ignorance, pretending that I did not know the words by heart, they had a copy of it set before me to read. With this he left me. Of these songs you yourself well know how some have become widely known and have been sung in many lands, chiefly, methinks, by those who delighted in the things of this world. Augustine tells us in a sermon of his on the life and conduct of the clergy, “He is cruel who, trusting in his conscience, neglects his reputation.
The abbey, however, to which I had betaken myself was utterly worldly and in its life quite scandalous. As a result of all this, my rivals grew more angry day by day. I perceived that there was indeed justice in my betrayal by him whom I had myself already betrayed; and then I thought how eagerly my rivals would seize upon this manifestation of justice, how this disgrace would bring bitter and enduring grief to my kindred and my friends, and how the tale of this amazing outrage would spread to the very ends of the earth.
In measure as this passionate rapture absorbed me more and more, I devoted ever less time to philosophy and to the work of the school. Bernard brought the society of his time to share his scepticism, but could give the society no other intellectual amusement to relieve its restlessness.
I added that I would abandon the test altogether unless they would agree not to put off their attendance at my lecture.
Indeed we do not easily suspect shame in those whom we most cherish, nor can calxmitatum be the blot of foul suspicion on devoted love.
Historia Calamitatum – Wikisource, the free online library
And our inexperience of such delights made us all the more ardent in our pursuit of them, so that our thirst for one another was still unquenched. No sooner had I learned this than I sent her to a convent of nuns at Argenteuil, yistoria far from Paris, where she herself had been brought ihstoria and educated as a young girl.
Cardinal Mercier, himself the greatest contemporary exponent of Scholastic philosophy, defines philosophy as “the science of the totality of things. Bernard was a total disbeliever in Scholasticism; so was Voltaire.