Hemidesmus indicus, Indian sarsaparilla is a species of plant that is found in South Asia. 1 Morphology; 2 Traditional uses; 3 Chemical constituents; 4 References Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants Naruneendi Nannari; ^ Kottakkal, [ edited by]. Hemidesmus indicus Medicinal Rating, *. Habit, Climber. Height, m. Cultivation Status, Cultivated, Wild. Cultivation Details. Not known. Edible Uses. Sariva is known as Indian Sarsaparilla – Hemidesmus indicus. In Ayurveda system of Medicinal uses of Hemidesmus indicus – Kushtahara.
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Hemidesmus indicus – Useful Tropical Plants
InWHO developed guidelines for assessment of herbal medicines. Singh has reported the use of H.
Fruits are two straight slender narrowly cylindrical widely divergent follicles. In the age of clinical medicines, main blockage to use clinical drugs is drug resistance.
The plant is also reported to have anticancer, antihepatotoxic Mandal, ; Hartwell, and antibiotic activities Joshi and Nagar, It also had immunomodulatory and immunosuppressant activities. The root bark also possess antioxidant activity Ravishankara et al. It shows a slightly compact porous strand of wood at the centre enveloped by a massive cream coloured starchy tissue and a peripheral strip of light reddish brown rind Aiyer, ; Sharma et al.
Hemidesmus indicus: A Rich Source of Herbal Medicine
Methanolic root ineicus of H. CCl 4 and paracetamol induced hepatic damage can be cured upto an extent too by H. Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration from leaf cultures of H.
Micropropagation and production of 2-hydroxy 4-methoxy benzaldehyde using root cultures of H. Anatomy Transverse section of the fresh root is circular with a fairly regular outline.
Highest shoot multiplication rate of 8. Thus medicinal plant parts should be authentic and free from harmful materials like pesticides, heavy metals, microbial or radioactive contamination. Caulogenic ability of the nodes decreased with increasing maturity. Ethnobotany practices among Mising tribes in Dhemaji District of Assam.
Micro and macro insicus studies of the vegetative and reproductive characters together with phytochemical studies of the accessions from different agroclimatic zones of India have been reported by George et al.
Hemideskus also neutralized Naja kaouthia venom induced cardiotoxicity, neurotoxicity and respiratory issues in experimental models [ 13 ]. The chloroform and ethanol extracts were reported to possess antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger and weak antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureusEscherichia coliPseudomonas aeruginosa Hiremath et al.
It should be distinguished from American Sarsaparilla Smilax aristolochiifolia Mill. University of Oklahoma Press. Hemiresmus trials of ayurvedic formulations in the treatment of acne vulgaris. It is quite common in open scrub jungles, hedges, uncultivated soil etc. Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration from leaf cultures of Hemidesmus indicus R.
Seeds are many, flat, oblong, with a long tuft of white silky hairs. Usfs in Human Welfare. Origin of Ayurveda has been traced back to 5, BC, originating as an oral tradition and later as medical texts. Greenish yellow to greenish purple outside, dull yellow to light purplish inside, calyx deeply five lobed, corolla gamopetalous, about twice the calyx, Stamens five, inserted near base mecicinal corolla with a thick coronal scale.
Antileprotic action of an extract from Anantamul. In traditional systems of medicine, the drugs hemidesnus primarily dispensed as water or ethanolic extract. Tissue Culture Malathy and Pai have reported the in vitro propagation of H.
The leaves are opposite, short-petioled, very variable, elliptic-oblong to linear-lanceolate. Quantitative Standards Foreign matter-Not more than 2. Substitutes and Adulterants Roots of four species viz. In vitro evaluation of inhibitory nature of extracts of H. Use of herbal medicine is cheaper for its easy availability. Among them, nerolidol 1. Different archaeological evidences indicate use of medicinal plants approximately five thousand years ago.
The highest number of shoots 5. Chemical structures of major compounds present in Hemidesmus indicus L.