Common Name(s): Common sea fan. Colony Form: Monoplanar fan to at least 1 m across. Axis: Cylindrical or slightly compressed in plane of fan on small. Description, classification, synonyms, distribution map and images of Gorgonia ventalina – Common sea fan. Gorgonia ventalina is a unique coral that grows in the shape of a fan and has a distinctive purple coloring, which is where it gained the common name purple.
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Ecology of Tropical Oceans. It grows to 1. Many colonies are now suffering from diseases as shown in some of the photos here. Two other sea fans occur in the region, but are less common. Cyphoma gibbosum feeds on gorgonian polyps by crawling slowly over the skeleton.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This orientation only venatlina in the adult sea fans. Colin, ; Kester, ; Sterrer, Other Physical Features ectothermic heterothermic radial symmetry Range length high cm Common sea fan Gorgonia ventalina Linnaeus, Description: Colonies can be 1 m in height and can be almost as broad.
The calyces in which the polyps are embedded are in venralina rows along the branches. Its gorgohia contain symbiotic dinoflagellate Symbiodinium spp.
The two large species of this genus, G. The Wide-mesh sea fan Gorgonia mariae is much smaller up to 30 cm and the secondary branches do not always unite or interconnect, giving gorgoniaa widely meshed appearance. Accessed December 31, at https: Gorgonia ventalina is distributed in a clumped, non-random distribution on coral reefs. Gorgonia ventalina is usually purple but can vary to its less common colors of yellow-orange, yellow, and brown.
Colin, Biogeographic Regions neotropical native atlantic ocean Habitat Gorgonia ventalina is distributed in a clumped, non-random distribution on coral reefs. Gorgonia ventalina is carnivourous, feeding on zooplankton, especially at night. According to Cary, there is no evidence that gorgonian colonies ever die from old age.
Trotonia hamnerorum is a specialized predator on G. The polyps live only on the reef surface. The cause of death is attributed to the lack of food and oxygen to the polyp.
It is found in the western Atlantic Ventallina and the Caribbean Sea. Ecotourism implies that there are existing programs that profit from the appreciation of natural areas or animals.
Gorgonia ventalina contains secondary metabolites and calcified sclerites that act as anti-predator defenses. The branches are round or slightly compressed in the plane of the fan. The fans can be large, 1. In geographic ranges, it is found in the southeastern part of the of the nearctic region and the northwestern part of the neotropical region. Marine Flora and Fauna vorgonia Bermuda. New World Publications, Inc.
Conclusions were the limestone inner structure provides some of the base where other corals may attach to form more colonies. ADW doesn’t ventaljna all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. However, it is not found in the Gulf of Mexico. The Great Barrier Reef.
Gorgonia ventalina – Wikipedia
The apertures are very small pores located in two rows along the edges of the branches. Linnaeus. Very widespread from Bermuda south to Curacao.
Gorgonian corals reproduce asexually by cloning or fragmentation, with external fertilization. Each polyp extends its eight tentacles ogrgonia catch plankton drifting past on the current.
World Register of Marine Species. Gorgonia ventalina Linnaeus, The greatest cause of mortality is the disattachment of a colony from the substrate, most likely by wave action and storms. Sea Grant Field Guide Series, 6. Marine Invertebrates of Bermuda. Examples are cnidarians Phylum Cnidaria, jellyfish, anemones, and corals. Recently, mortality has also been attributed to tumor growth.
Gorgonia ventalina will orient according so that the “fan” is perpendicular to the motion of the waves. Ecology72 2: Articles with ‘species’ microformats.
ADW: Gorgonia ventalina: INFORMATION
Colors result from chemical pigments produced in the spicules. The outline of the colony is an interconnected network of thin branches which enclose irregular, triangular or rectangular spaces.
Gorgonia ventalina Linnaeus. Venhalina fine branches of G. Both form a lattice of branches, mostly in one plane which may be orientated across the prevailing current. Coral reefs are gortonia in warm, shallow oceans with low nutrient availability. Usually the most common gorgonian in coral reef habitats, it is primarily found on band and patch reefs.