STYLISTIC FOREGROUNDING. Definitions and concepts. • Foreground is a term usually used in art, having opposite meaning to background. • It’s a very. The theory of FOREGROUNDING is probably the most important theory within Stylistic Analysis, and foregrounding analysis is arguably the most important part . Foregrounding • Shklovsky saw defamiliarization as accompanied by feeling: stylistic devices in literary texts “emphasize the emotional effect of.
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Foregrounding, Deviation and Parallelism
To sum up, we can say that: Parallelism can be described as unexpected regularity, while deviation can be seen as unexpected irregularity. They have the same overall grammatical structure grammatical parallelism and some of the words are repeated in identical syntactic locations.
The first two are very similar parallelism and the third one starts out as similar, but our expectations are thwarted when it turns out different in end deviation.
They often fotegrounding of three parts or characters. This context can be relatively narrow, such as the immediate textual surroundings referred to as a ‘secondary norm’  or wider such as an entire genre referred to as a ‘primary norm’ .
Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June They stand out perceptually as a consequence of the fact that they DEVIATE graphologically from the text which surrounds them in a number of ways.
Retrieved from ” https: For example, the last line of a poem with a consistent metre may be foregrounded by changing the number of syllables it contains. The other words are in lower case, but they are capitalised. One way to produce foregrounding in a text, then, is through linguistic deviation.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Another way is to introduce extra linguistic patterning into a text.
Foregrounding – Wikipedia
So, for example, if you look at the last three sentences of the previous paragraph you should feel that they are parallel to one another.
Foregrounding can occur on all levels of language  phonologygraphologymorphologylexissyntaxsemantics and pragmatics. Cummings there are two types of deviation:. Firstly, most of the poem deviates from ‘normal’ language primary deviation.
In addition, there is secondary deviation in that the penultimate line is unexpectedly different from the rest of the poem. There are two main types of foregrounding: Nursery rhymesadverts and slogans often exhibit parallelism in the form of repetition and rhymebut parallelism can also occur over longer texts.
Note that lots of the foregrounfing we explored in terms of special meanings and effects in the analysis of particular texts and textual extracts in Topics 1 and 2 can be re-cast in terms of deviation, parallelism and foregrounding. Something can only jn unexpectedly regular or irregular within a particular context. The most common way of introducing this extra patterning is by repeating linguistic structures more often than we would normally expect to make parts of texts PARALLEL with one another.
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The Prague Stykistics and Theories of Structure p.
Ling , Topic 3 (session A)
This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat This would be an example of a deviation from a secondary norm. Views Read Edit View history. For example, jokes are often built on a mixture of parallelism and deviation. You may find it helpful, after you have found out more about these topics, to revisit those earlier parts of this website and think about them in terms of foregrounding theory.
The other words are visually stable but they are irregular. In the following poem by E. Cummings there are two types of deviation: Foregrounding is the practice of making something stand out from the surrounding words or images.