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Today, then, with the proliferation of systems, methods, concepts and philosophical theses which are often extremely complex, the need for a critical discernment in the light of faith becomes more urgent, even if it remains a daunting task. In different ways and at different times, men and women have shown that they can articulate this intimate desire of theirs.
Man is born with a desire to know the truth about himself. Indian Philosophical Studies, Xiii. For how could it be an exercise of true freedom to refuse to be open to the very reality which enables our self-realization? Jesus Christ is both the Truth that he is seeking and the Person to whom he can encicllca entrust himself to find it. In fact man can be defined as “the one who seeks the truth” n. A legitimate plurality of positions has yielded to an undifferentiated pluralism, based upon the assumption that all positions are equally valid, which is one of today’s most widespread symptoms of the lack of confidence in truth.
La Encíclica Fides et ratio y la Teología Fundamental: hacia una propuesta
This should be read, and studied, by some people in Rome. Christian faith comes to meet them, offering the concrete possibility of reaching the goal which they seek. This in no way creates division, because the community of the baptized is marked by a universality which can embrace every culture and help to foster whatever is implicit in them to the point where it will be fully explicit in the light of truth.
This means that no one culture can ever become the criterion of judgment, much less the ultimate criterion of truth with regard to God’s Revelation. Here we see not only the border between reason and faith, but also the space where the two may meet. The eyes of the mind were no longer able to see clearly: Feb 14, Marc rated it it was amazing Shelves: These considerations prompt a first conclusion: In brief, there are signs of a widespread distrust of universal and absolute statements, especially among those who think that truth is born of consensus and not of a consonance between intellect and objective reality.
He made pastoral visits outside Italy and within Italy. In short, the hope that philosophy might be able to provide definitive answers to these questions has dwindled. History of Western Philosophy.
Anthropology, logic, the natural sciences, history, linguistics and so forth—the whole universe of knowledge has been involved in one way or another. God’s Revelation is therefore immersed in time and history.
Fides et ratio – Wikipedia
Reinforced by his personal story and sustained by a wonderful holiness of life, he could also introduce into encicliac works a range of material which, drawing on experience, was a prelude to future developments in different currents of philosophy. A further factor is the renewed interest in the inculturation of faith. In my first Encyclical Letter I stressed the danger of absolutizing such an approach when I wrote: Summaries of Papal DocumentsNew York: Why is there evil?
They contain a hidden truth to which the mind is drawn and which it cannot ignore without destroying the very signs which it is given. In tracing Christianity’s adoption of philosophy, one should not forget how cautiously Christians regarded other elements of the cultural world of paganism, one example of which is gnosticism.
Contemplating Jesus as revealer, the Fathers of the Second Vatican Council stressed the salvific character of God’s Revelation in history, describing it in these terms: Both the light of reason and the light of faith come from God, he argued; hence fieds can be no contradiction between them.
Whilst this is a typical characteristic of Roman Catholic theology, and so should be of no surprise to a encoclica of this book, I found it unsatisfactory theologically. Man must not only exercise his reason, he must also trust other persons in the search for ultimate truth. May 27, Angela Joyce rated it really liked it Shelves: Faith rnciclica said first to be an obedient response to God. Summaries of Papal Documents by John E. Although he made fidds of the supernatural character of faith, the Angelic Fdes did not overlook the importance of its reasonableness; indeed he was able to plumb the depths and explain the meaning of this reasonableness.
The synthesis devised by Saint Augustine remained for centuries the most exalted form of philosophical and theological speculation known to the West. Man shares in this mystery on earth through grace and in heaven by direct contemplation of God. Unless I believe there is Divine Inspiration, I would not credit sources today written, about events that took place fifteen to twenty years ago, by someone who did not witness them.
There are no discussion topics on this book yet. In studying Revelation and its credibility, as well as the corresponding act of faith, fundamental theology should show how, in the light of the knowledge conferred by fifes, there emerge certain truths which reason, from its own independent enquiry, already perceives.
We may say, then, that culture itself has an intrinsic capacity to receive divine Revelation. To reject this heritage would be to deny the providential plan of God who guides his Church down the paths of time and history.
No less important is philosophy’s contribution to a more coherent understanding fidees Church Tradition, the pronouncements of the Magisterium and the teaching of the great masters of theology, who often adopt concepts and thought-forms drawn from a particular philosophical tradition.
Without philosophy’s contribution, it would in fact be impossible to discuss theological issues such as, for example, the use of language to speak about God, the personal relations within the Trinity, God’s creative activity in the world, the relationship between God and man, or Christ’s identity as true God and true man.
It is a must read for as many Catholics, and even for non-Catholics, enckclica possible. Although from a perspective I don’t share on balance it is a great book.
Seen in this light, reason is valued without rafio overvalued.