Instruction nº 01/, which establishes the criteria for sustainable .. outras providências (Decreto nº , de 23 de dezembro de ). de Residuos Solidos (Lei 12,/), Decreto Regulamentador (Dec. 7,/ ), Responsabilidade Compartilhada, Logistica Reversa. The City currently landfills the organic fraction of municipal solid waste. (MSW). ..
|Published (Last):||9 October 2004|
|PDF File Size:||15.48 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||7.79 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Arranjos Federativos e Desigualdades Regionais no Brasil.
Elaborated by authors based upon data from: In particular, one of the biggest problems in densely urbanized areas, especially in metropolitan areas, is the lack of appropriate places to have the waste properly disposed.
Since the Rio Conference 92, there has been the incorporation of new priorities for sustainable solid waste management, which has directed the action of Governments, industry and society.
This means that the study sample tends to represent the dominant characteristics of Brazilian municipalities. Other supplementary questions also arose decrteo relation to economic, social and territorial factors that influence the efficiency of a shared management of solid waste and that would be decisive in encouraging and prioritizing access to resources by Law.
Public Consortia as an Alternative Scale-Efficient?
Any policy maker becomes apprehensive in analyzing these results. Public Consortia is expected to reduce costs due to economies of scale and smaller demand for land. We point out its expected results and the main obstacles faced to achieve them. Chart 2 shows that in the three regions, of Brazil the main deceto are: The first question that drove this study was to establish whether the prioritization and the incentive to the access to government resources provided by the PNRS to municipalities, for formation of Public Consortia for regionalized management of USW services, led to an efficient MSWM.
In places without waste management policy, the first step is the implementation of a direct regulation. Dde, the absence of Integrated Solid Dereto Management Plan at municipal and inter-municipal level is an example of one of those restrictions and was attested throughout the survey, confirming data from IBGE b showing that The lack of municipal technical capacity was evident throughout the research, confirmed by the answers of the Consortia.
Given the nonexistence of data on characteristics. The Research Problem and Objectives. Taking as an example from our sample the Consortia that are not yet in operation, and considering by the answers that most began elaborate the Protocol of Intentions between the years and This study identifies the characteristics of Public Consortia, its advantages and disadvantages for urban solid waste management based upon the analysis of 29 Public Consortia in the Northeast, Southeast and South regions of Brazil.
It is identified a policy failure in the case of not considering that if there is a lack of Plans and technical capacity, the objectives of the Law in predicting this priority in access to resources would be not achieved.
Lessons from the Brazilian Experience. However, municipalities, the smaller ones, face difficulties for SWM: We sought to identify the Public Consortia for existing MSWM in Brazil and conduct a case study with 29 Public Consortia, rising, through the answers obtained, the main characteristics and the problems faced by this instrument of the PNRS. The Integrated Solid Waste Management Plans 3 is a key issue of the law, and should include diagnostic studies on solid waste generation, identify favorable areas for disposal, regional solutions and opportunities for consortia solutions, operating rules, technical training activities, actions with the participation of interest groups, the costing system, collection forms of service delivery, identifying environmental liabilities and remedial measures, among others Brazil, a 4.
decreto federal 7404 de 2010 pdf
Instead of pointing out decrdto factors most influence the efficiency of Consortia, the paper exposes which of them are considered on its formation and the consequences for their efficiency. Public Policy steps-first phase-desirable components e observed results on the 29 Consortia.
This may make it impossible to plan the construction of regional and shared landfills. In recent years, several norms and the National Policy on Solid Waste 1 -PNRS on its Portuguese acronym have provided a legal framework for the solid waste management sector. Current Urban Studies, ddecreto, Regulamenta a Lei n In this context, effective management of municipal waste is required, but local authorities in many countries are constrained by limited finances and inadequate decrteo.
Journal of Environmental Management, The Consortia indicated some reasons for the non-operation: Therefore, a questionnaire was elaborated with questions about characteristics, purposes and specificities of those 77 identified Consortia in the first survey.
It also presents some requirements, such as closing landfills, creating plans, implementation of proper disposal of waste treatment, recycling, composting, gas recovery from landfills, planning and cost recovery initiatives. One of the biggest challenges facing modern society is solving excessive generation and the environmentally safe disposal of fecreto waste.
The Law of PNRS, in general terms, brings the concepts of shared responsibility, inclusion of waste edcreto and hierarchy-not generation, reduction, reuse, recycling, solid waste treatment and environmentally adequate disposal of waste. These priorities include decerto reduction of waste generation, reducing final disposal on the ground, maximizing reuse, the selective collection and recycling, composting and energy recovery.
It was carried out then a data survey on the sources of 20010 for MSWM, since the lack of municipal resources is the first justification for encouraging Consortia. Excessive generation of and scarce environmentally safe disposal sites for solid waste are among the biggest challenges facing modern society. Thus, despite some limitations, the approval of PNRS in marked a new stage in public policy of SWM in Brazil because it standardizes the processes and duties to be fulfilled by individuals, companies and governments nationwide.
In this paper, we analyze Public Consortia of Municipalities, a basic instrument of the National Policy for Solid Waste of Brazil, a country with more than municipalities.
decreto federal de pdf – PDF Files
Decrego this context, transversely policies among ministries and government agencies are essential. 740 por e-mail em 27 mai. This would not be a problem if the municipalities had already completed an Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan that presumably contains these previous studies.
Financial, economic and technical issues are the main reasons for municipalities to seek a joint solution for their SWM. Six of them did not answer the question. The PNRS imposes deadlines for the closure of dumpsites and the implementation of proper waste disposal, providing treatment, recycling, composting, gas recovery from landfills, planning and cost recovery initiatives, putting pressure on governments at all levels, especially the municipal, to comply with the new law.
Public policy steps-second phase-desirable application e results observed on the 29 Consortia. We also suggest how to evaluate whether each criterion was accomplished and, finally, we make a connection with the lessons learned from results analysis for each criterion.
This reality of municipal solid waste management MSWM is also present in a large and economic diversified country like Brazil, where municipalities are responsible, by law, for the provision for public service of deceeto cleaning and solid waste 22010.