Geographic Range. Southern cassowaries are found in New Guinea, Cape York, Ceram and Aru Islands. (“Cassowaries”, ; “Ostriches and their Relatives. In the past, eight races (casuarius, tricarunculatus, bistriatus, lateralis, sclaterii, johnsonii, aruensis and bicarunculatus) or more were commonly recognized;. Learn more about the Southern cassowary – with amazing Southern cassowary videos, photos and facts on Arkive.
|Published (Last):||3 September 2011|
|PDF File Size:||17.43 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||20.93 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Range eggs per season 4 to 8 Range time to hatching 47 to 61 days Average time to independence 9 months Average age at sexual or reproductive maturity female 3 years Average age at sexual or reproductive maturity male 3 years After the eggs are laid all czsuarius of the eggs and offspring are done by males.
Subscription or UK public library membership required. Besides fruits, their diet includes flowers, fungisnails, insects, frogs, birds, fish, rats, mice, and carrion. The status of cassowaries on Cape York Peninsula. The adult colouring and casque begin to develop between two and four years of age 4.
Southern cassowary videos, photos and facts – Casuarius casuarius | Arkive
A fossil species was reported from Australia, but for reasons of biogeography this assignment is not certain and it might belong to the prehistoric Emuariuswhich were cassowary-like primitive emus. The southern cassowary has stiff, bristly black plumage, a blue face and neck, red on the cape and two red wattles causarius around The Tide is Stemmed.
Casuariidae Flightless birds Higher-level bird taxa restricted to the Australasia-Pacific region Extant Zanclean first appearances. Southern cassowaries caskarius very small wings and are unable to fly.
Species Profile and Threats Database
Skip to main content. To cite this page: It forages on the forest casuarus for fallen fruit and is capable of safely digesting some fruits toxic to other animals. Threat abatement caxuarius for predation, habitat degradation, competition and disease transmission by feral pigs Sus scrofa Cassowaries fight by kicking out with their legs. Males construct a mat of vegetation which will become the nest where they incubate the eggs for 47 to 61 days.
As solitary animals, southern cassowaries have their own home range which they will defend against other cassowaries. There are three extant species. Reciprocal ecosystem impact and behavioural interactions between cassowaries, Casuarius casuariusand casuariuz, Homo sapienscazuarius the natural-human environment interface and casuariud implications for endangered species recovery.
Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. The plumage is sexually monomorphicbut the female is dominant and larger with a longer casque, larger bill and brighter-colored bare parts. Casuariis ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control.
This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. A clutch of three or four eggs are laid measuring by 95 millimetres 5. Feral pigs are a huge problem. The second, also known as the dwarf cassowary, is the smallest species.
Their bodies are covered with dark brown or black feathers which look more like thick, coarse hair. It is a ratite and therefore related to emuostrichand the Rhea and Kiwi genera.
Cassowaries eat fleshy fruits of over species of plants, dispersing seeds long distances in the process. It also eats fungi, and some insects and small vertebrates. Cassowaries have a reputation in folklore for being dangerous to people and domestic animals.
The cassowary has solitary habits and breeds less frequently in zoos than other ratites such as ostrich and cauarius.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Most authorities consider the taxonomic classification above to be monotypic ; however, several subspecies of each have been described,  and some of them have even been suggested as separate species, e. MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you casiarius organize your favourite Arkive images and videos and share them with friends.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act the EPBC Act. Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends.
These calls are territorial, warning other cassowaries of their presence.
These birds are captured as chicks and raised in villages so that their feathers can plucked and used in headdresses and the quills can be used as nose ornaments. The sexes are similar in appearance, although females tend to be larger and heavier. The biggest threat to southern cassowaries is the destruction of their habitat.
Southern cassowaries will be safe as long as there are large areas of undisturbed forests. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. At about three years of age, southern cassowaries are able to reproduce. These are reduced to stiff, keratinous quills, like porcupine quills, with no barbs.
In New Guinea, cassowaries are important food sources for some communities and are heavily hunted as a result 5.
Cassowaries are usually solitary, and males are subordinate to females if they meet. The southern cassowary Casuarius casuariusalso known as double-wattled cassowaryAustralian cassowary or two-wattled cassowary is a large flightless black bird.
Unpublished report to the Douglas Shire Cqsuarius. Authentication This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. The boy died of his injuries shortly thereafter.
It has been compiled from causarius range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. Breeding season Breeding occurs during the austral winter, from June to July.