The Body-cathexis Scale is examined to assess its psychometric properties. Results indicate a strong unidimensional measure with high internal consistency. The Body Cathexis Scale (BCS) was the first psychometric instrument devised to measure body dissatisfaction. In this study we report the. The oriainal Bodv-cathexis Scale (BCS) used by Secord and Jourard () consisted of a list of 46 parts or aspects of the body. These were rated by.
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Although the a coefficient was high, this could have been due to the large number of items in the scale, consequently the inter-item correlations were examined. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal31 3 Clothing and Textiles Research Journal8 2 Respondents below the age of 17 were sampled from schools in Cork city and the remainder were students at University College, Cork; of the sample were female and were male.
Only six questionnaires were dropped due to inappropriate responding. Views Read Edit View history. Because body image and body weight are a high priority in western culture, men and women alike face gender-based societal pressures to achieve an ideal body image, which in turn influences feelings about the body and preoccupation with size, shape, weight, and appearance.
Skip to main content. British Journal of Psychology. Body image and eating disorders. A psychometric investigation into the body-cathexis scale. The means and standard deviations of each item were calculated to observe their ability to discriminate between Ss.
Cultural scripting, particularly male socialization that fosters exercise involvement and physical fitness, may be partially responsible for higher body cathexis scores among males, since participation in fitness activities tends to yield significant improvement in body satisfaction.
Feelings about the body have marked behavioral consequences, and as both casual and clinical observations suggest, body cathexis and body perceptions play a significant role in garment fit satisfaction. Journal of Consulting Psychology. The items loading on this factor appear to have no common theme other than the fact that they are all body parts. Although seven factors were xcale, showing clear simple structure, they cannot he held to be very useful as independent operational constructs due to lack of determinancy.
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This page was last edited on 14 Mayat No item showed a standard deviation small enough to justify its exclusion from the scale.
Catthexis recent attempt to correct this situation has been made scae Tucker The scale was completed in all cases within 20 min. Low body cathexis and preoccupation can contribute to the development of eating disorders among female adolescents in particular, often a result of societal pressures and expectations to achieve the ideal, thin body type.
Considering the importance of the construct of body-self in notions of personality and self-concept, the scale clearly has utility in further psychological research.
Retrieved from ” https: These were rated by respondents according to a 5-point Likert scale ranging from strong positive to strong negative cathexis. Perceptual and Motor Skills73, The appraisal of body cathexis: It must be emphasized that catjexis a procedure relaxes the criterion of detenninancy considerably and so no strong claim for the uniqueness of this solution can be made here.
Consequently, as suggested by the results of both the body cathexis and self cathexis scales which represent attitudes about conceptual aspects of the self in correlation to the bodylow body cathexis is significantly associated with anxiety, insecurity, and negative perceptions of the self. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Perceptual and Nody Skills72 3 It is argued, on the basis of this investigation, that the BCS has good caghexis properties.
Journal of Consulting Psychology, 17 5 Consequently, a negative self-concept would be expected cathexid an individual who perceives his or her body as falling short of culturally-determined ideals. Sex differences in body cathexis associated with exercise involvement.
The Italian version of the Body Cathexis Scale.
Scalee cathexis is defined as the degree of satisfaction or dissatisfaction one feels towards various parts and aspects of his or her own body. The analysis was undertaken in two stages. In addition to the purely kinaesthetic information gleaned from the body, much of the self-concept is dependent upon cultural attitudes to the physical attributes it possesses.
The results suggest that the measure has unidimensional properties.
Factors manifesting an appropriate degree of determinancy were rotated to simple structure using the Oblimin procedure of Jennrich and Sampson He investigated the principal component structure of a item version of the scale and discovered four orthogonal components which he designated, Health and Physical Fitness, Face and Overall Appearance, Subordinate and Independent Body Features and Physique and Muscular Strength.
Tucker also discovered a test-retest reliability coefficient of 0. Skills 53, Factor V is a body-built factor associated with weight, while Factor VI is a body-built factor associated with physique and muscular strength. Along with garment fit satisfaction, research also indicates that body image attitudes and emotions may be correlated with disordered eating behaviors.