Descriptions and articles about the Crow Killer, scientifically known as Anamirta cocculus in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Comprehensive Desc. Woody climbers. Leaves alternate, x cm, broadly ovate, apex acute, base truncate, 5-ribbed, coriaceous; petiole cm long. Flowers unisexual. Common name: Fish Berry, Indian berry, Levant nut • Hindi: काकमारी Kakamari • Kannada: chiplothi, chippula kaayi, chipula koll.
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It could also cover phenomena such as “plant flowering” or “chewing rates”. Or, Login with your user account:. Picrotoxin is also isolated from Tinomiscium petiolare Hook. Furthermore, the fruits contain the isoquinoline alkaloids menispermine, paramenispermine, magnoflorine, stephorine, berberine, palmatine and l,8-oxotetrahydropalmatine.
In view of its large geographical distribution and its occurrence in a wide range of habitats it is unlikely that A. For fish poison fresh or dry semi-ripe fruits with or without the fruit pulp are ground with shell-fish, shrimp or small crabs. Death occurs rapidly from respiration failure, or slowly from gastro-intestinal symptoms. Flowers unisexual, many, in large drooping panicles on old branches; snamirta 6 in 2 rows, 3 x 2 mm, ovate, yellow; petals absent; stamens 9, combined ananirta a globose staminal column, anthers sessile; staminodes 9 in female flowers, obovate, scaly; carpels 3, free; style absent; stigma recurved.
Views Read View source View history. This is done in order to reuse the bait and avoid contamination of coccuus fish with the poison. User Group specific search options Title. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities feeding, mating, etc. It also irritates motor centres, either in the cerebrum or in the medulla and cord, producing in all vertebrates alternating epileptiform spasms, with periodic stoppage of the motions of the diaphragm and slowness of the pulse.
Commercial Organic Analysis – Vol. Extract of the stem is added to native wine and is drunk to make the blood strong. In the Philippines fruits are heated or roasted, crushed and powdered.
Management of the Food”.
Occurrence Occurrence Occurrence Records. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. Despite its longstanding use no reports of cultivation, let alone breeding efforts have been recorded. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Moist deciduous and evergreen forests, also sacred groves in the plains.
Dried fruits of A. Technology Biodiversity in India. On the other hand, picrotoxinin specifically binds to the same barbiturate site, but blocks the opening of the chloride cocclus. Duke September 26, The powdered fruit is used to treat acute barbiturate poisoning. The wood of the plant is used for fuel and carving.
Useful Plant Species with Toxic Substance.
Anamirta cocculus (PROSEA) – PlantUse English
Fruit a drupe, nearly spherical, mm long, white turning red, finally dark purple, glabrous, smooth and hard when dry. However, the safe therapeutic dose range is very narrow. Field tips Leaves shiny with tuft of hairs on the nerve axils. On the GABA receptor site, barbiturates bind close to the chloride channel and, at least in part, increase chloride-ion conductance anmairta GABA activation.
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Flower In panicles on old wood, cauliflorus, cocchlus greenish-cream. Due to this mechanism the compounds can, and have been used as antidotes in barbiturate poisonings. The domatia in the leaves of A. In addition, the stem and roots contain only small amounts about 0. Cocclus biorhythms – those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons.
These data support the hypothesis that GABAergic mechanisms at different levels of the neuraxis exert opposite effects on cardiac vagal activity, and that GABAergic mechanisms in both the brainstem and forebrain inhibit the release of vasopressins into the systemic circulation.
India Biodiversity Portal
Recent information on production and trade, however, is not available. The fruit and especially the seed contain picrotoxin, a very strong poison. Fibre from the stem used to make ropes for house construction.
Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3. Infructescence with lateral branches up to 15 cm long, gynophore 3- cocculux long, shortly branched below the drupes, continuous with pedicel, mm long. In Laos, the fruit is used in very small doses to treat eruptive fevers. Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification.
General description of the sites where the species is found ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat. The name “fishberry” comes from the use of the dried fruit as a method of fishingin which the fish is “stupified and captured”; this method, codculus, is considered “unsportsmanlike”.
M, Menispermum cocculus L.