He acquired physics, chemistry, mathematics, and geography books and .. Iran Nameh, Special Issue on Ahmad Kasravi, 20/, Kasravi’s writings may be treated in four phases. First, in the period from the mid- s to the mids, he published textbooks for teaching. James Buchan considers Ahmad Kasravi, famed historian of Iran’s Sign up for Bookmarks: discover new books in our weekly email.
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Translated from French by Peter T.
Reid , James J. Thenceforward he became, in Roy Mottahedeh ‘s words, “a true anti-cleric.
While he was there, he also undertook research into the dialects of Khuzestan, just as he had done in Mazandaran. The Incipience of the Cosmos. According to Kasravi, two factors were instrumental in institutionalizing the deviations amhad aberrations of the Shi’i faith: After two years of study, he became eligible for the rank of mullah.
Sufi Castigator: Ahmad Kasravi and the Iranian Mystical Tradition – CRC Press Book
Kasrravi lists the dangers that were threatening the territorial integrity of the country and reveals the flaws of the political plans of the parties and the incoherence of the ideologies boois controlled their minds idem,pp.
Intellectual Traditions Series Bibliotheca Iranica: Ahmav web offer for individuals. It could be through conference attendance, group discussion or directed reading to name just a few examples.
His views earned him many powerful enemies such as Ayatollah Khomeini. Summary Sufi Castigator investigates the writings of Ahmad Kasravi, one of the foremost intellectuals in Iran. Hoseyni, Zahra Hovannisian, Richard G. For their part, the English, in collaboration with the nomadic tribal chiefs of the south and southwest, were getting ready to impose their empire in the southern provinces and Khuzestan.
Also his own personality traits contributed to making the situation worse. Ali Shariati some three decades later, Kasravi considered that kasravj were two kinds of Islam:. In his opinion, all these dialects—as well as all the regional languages, including Kurdish, Turkish, and Arabic—were bound to disappear bit by bit, being replaced by Persian, which he hoped would become robust, evolved, and powerful.
The language used by Kasravi at this time in his articles explicitly violates the usual norms of the Persian language, both syntactically and lexically idem,pp. He identified a rupture between what he considered as the essence of jasravi faith, the observation of which would have secured the welfare of the believers, and the outward signs or the form of the faith, which he believed to have developed into a superstitious series of futile rites and rituals.
Boosk was also during their time that Islam became synonymous with observing certain formal rituals such as attending and weeping at mourning sessions rowzeh-khanigoing on pilgrimages and petitioning the imams with prayers.
In ahmzd introduction he illustrates some common believes about Sufism, for example he says that Sufism has many followers and it is very diverse and Sophists are everywhere like Tehran, Mashhad, Shiraz Maragheh and Brought to trial for his anti-clerical stance in Tehran, Kasravi was butchered in open court along with his secretary, Muhammad Taqi Hadadpur, on 11 March bookks They are completely different and are opposite of one another He witnessed certain acts and practices prevalent among the Shi’a for which he could not find sources or evidence in Islamic jurisprudence that he considered sound, and which he could not rationally explain.
Ahmad Kasravi – Wikipedia
May 1, Last Updated: If there is a difficulty for the general reader, it is the strange nomenclature of that kaasravi before the karavi of surnames by the Pahlavis inand the baffling proliferation of aristocratic titles: According to Kasravi, the clergy did not perform their expected role. Iran was ignorant of these changes and did not benefit from them at all.
The prophet Muhammad performed no miracles, but the Iranians know better.
Ahmad Kasravi and the Iranian Mystical Tradition. In short, the new parliament, instead of merely interpreting and enforcing the divine law known as sharia, would actually give law to the Muslims. From the early age of sixteen, Kasravi became a pro-constitutionalist.
Sufi Castigator: Ahmad Kasravi and the Iranian Mystical Tradition
This break in the alliance between clergy and liberals is the dominant theme or tragedy of modern Iranian history. Navvab Safavi is commemorated by a metro station and parkway in Tehran. Supported by the Soviets, the Party constituted a local authority to which the Iranian army units stationed in Azerbaijan submitted. His outspoken ways would lead him to have many supporters and critics starting from the Reza Shah period.
Between Tradition and ModernityLexington Booksp. Of Serpents and Dragons in Islamic Art. His further works included: The man who is burning the Qur’an! Throughout the book he remains highly respectful and reverential towards Imam Ali, Imam Hossein and their original followers.
This work established Kasravi as a prominent scholar and competent linguist in the scholarly circles of both Iran and Europe. His family wanted it, but Kasravi hated this job and preferred to find work in the bazaar of Tabriz.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
He maintained that excess zeal in practising what he considered to be ‘impurities’, which had crept into the faith, was the cause of the people’s state of deprivation and underdevelopment. If he negotiates that difficulty, he will pass into the wide plain of Iranian history with its haunting echoes and compulsive repetitions.
Kasravi was so engrossed in his research that he was not even aware of the deposition of the Qajar family and the accession of the Pahlavi dynasty 12 December The fine new translation from Mazda Publishers is by Evan Siegel, a professor of mathematics at New Jersey City University who also happens to be expert in many of the languages of the Middle East ahmxd the Caucasus.
Other works on Kasravi began in the s and gradually increased, including: Kasravi revolted against what he called the cult of personality of Shi’i Imams which had led to the Shi’i custom of ‘people worshipping’. All instructor resources are now available on our Instructor Hub. One of the consequences of his departure and the Allied occupation of the country was the emergence of several political parties.
Azerbaijan became a theater of operations.
The Iraqi invasion of and the eight years of war forged a solidarity that persisted into the s. Life and Work Early life. Social and religious reformism.